FUR TRADE AXES & TOMAHAWKS

PAGE 14 PIPE TOMAHAWKS

Home
PAGE 2- SOME ORIGINAL OWNERS
PAGE 3 SPIKE TOMAHAWKS
PAGE 4 SPIKE TOMAHAWKS- PART 2
PAGE 5 THE IROQUOIS SPIKE TOMAHAWKS
PAGE 6 CELT FORM TOMAHAWKS
PAGE 7 HALBERD TOMAHAWKS
PAGE 8- TRADE AXES
PAGE 9 BISCAYNE TRADE AXES - PART 2
PAGE 10 TRADE AXES - PART 3
PAGE 11 HUDSON'S BAY CO. TRADE AXES - PART 4
PAGE 12 HAMMER POLLED TOMAHAWKS
PAGE 13 BELT AXES
PAGE 14 PIPE TOMAHAWKS
PAGE 15 PIPE TOMAHAWKS - PART 2
PAGE 16 PERIOD TOY TOMAHAWKS
PAGE 17- FAKES, MISTAKES & REPRODUCTIONS - PART 1
PAGE 18 FAKES, MISTAKES & REPRODUCTIONS & MARKS- PART 2
PAGE 19 FAKES, MISTAKES & REPRODUCTIONS- PART 3
PAGE 20 FAKES, MISTAKES & REPRODUCTIONS- SUMMARY
PAGE 21 HALF AXES
Page 22 HOW OLD IS IT?
PAGE 23 REFERENCES
PAGE 24 LINKS
PAGE 25 ABOUT IRON & STEEL, MISC.
PAGE 26 TRADE AXES AS WEAPONS
PAGE 27 -- PRESERVING YOUR COLLECTION
Page 28 AXES OF THE WORLD
PAGE 29 OTHER TRADE ARTIFACTS
PAGE 30 MORE FAKES-- WILD WEST SHOW, LANCES, WAR CLUBS, LATIN AM., ETC.
PAGE 31 DOCUMENTING YOUR FINDS
PAGE 32 CONTACT /AUTHENTICATIONS
PAGE 33 FOR SALE; MY TOMAHAWKS & TRADE ARTIFACTS
PAGE 34 OTHER FUR TRADE ITEMS FOR SALE BY MY FRIENDS

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Pipe tomahawks are probably the most coveted of the trade tomahawks and usually the most expensive.    The same was true during the fur trade era however many of these were presented as presents to the chiefs of tribes to encourage their loyality, some with elaborate and expensive inlays and craftsmenship.  They were multipurpose tools in the sense they could be used in war and for smoking rather than carrying both items separately.  But they were also very symbolic in that they could be used both for war and for peace.  Many were made in Sheffield, England & in North America.   Although any wood could be used they often used osage orange for it's resistance to decay, or ash because the saplings pithy core could be easily bored with a red hot poker or sometimes curly maple with inlays if a Kentucky Rifle maker was doing it.   Some were made not to be used as weapons but as a smoking item reminesisant of days gone by.

Parts of a Pipe Tomahawk
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This 22 " long pipe tomahawk dates from 1800-1825 from the Northeast and has bands of pewter inlay and a single copper band along its length.  From the Warnich Collection--Splendid Heritage.  http://www.splendidheritage.com

Splendid Heritage- Warnock Collection
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Hand Forged pipe tomahawk with engraved image of an Indian man on the face of the blade.  Handle has brass tacks and brass wire wrapped around it.  Circa 1850's.
 

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Warnock Collection -Splendid Heritage

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with permnission Warnock Collection -Splendid Heritage

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1850's - 80's Northern Plains pipe tomahawk
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24" overall long, file branded, brass tacked

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This NE pipe tomahawk has the raised pedistal supporting the bowl.  It has intricate porcupine quilled decoration sewn around the haft.  The blade has the date 1759 on it.  Extremely few were dated.  Splendid Heritage--Warnock Collection with permission.  http://www.splendidheritage.com

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from Warnock Collection- Splendid Heritage

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View #2 QUILLED WRAPPED HAFT

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Circa 1860 Shoshone, classic western form.
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Image courtesy of National Museum of American Indian

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Images with courtesy of the McCord Museum of Canadian History in Montreal, Quebec.  I have seen another example of this tomahawk with the same half moon, stars, bird and initials "B E" marking highly polished and also another one in Indian Tomahawks & Frontiersmen Belt Axes by Hartzler & Knowles, pg 131.   These have been found in the Great Lakes area-- in particular an example without nichel plating was recently dug up by Kevin Hughey in St. Ignace, Mi. area.  Another example of this PT with the tulip shapped bowl was presented to the Shawnee Chief Tecumseh from British Commander Col. Henry Proctor in 1812 for his alliance in that war.

Late 19thC. Pipe Tomahawk 23.3 x 4.5 x 59.5 cm
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http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca/en/

Closeup of view #2 of blade
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Here is another one that someone recently discovered between the walls of the colonial Ontario home during renovation.  Late 18th to Early 19th C.

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Images courtesy of the McCord Museum of Canadian History of Montreal, Quebec.

Circa late 18thC. pipe tomahawk
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6.2cm x 4.2cm x 18.6 cm

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Image courtesy of the McCord Museum of Canadian History of Montreal, Quebec.

pipe tomahawk from McCord Museum
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note steeled edge

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Image courtesy of the McCord Museum of Canadian History in Montreal, Quebec.

1840-1860 pipe tomahawk McCord Museum
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6.6cm x 4.1cm x 20.8 cm, steeled edge

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Images courtesy of the McCord Museum of Canadian History in Montreal, Quebec.

1875-1885 pipe tomahawk
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15.2cm x 73.8 cm

View #2
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notice tin cones not crimped as in repros

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This pipe tomahawk displayed in the Indiana State Museum is attributed to the gunsmith Squire Boone (brother of Daniel Boone).  It is rather plain without decoration or name axcept for a rope-like decoration around the bowl.  It measures 7" x 16.25" overall.  Circa 1780.

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View #2
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This pipe tomahawk with a bowie knife brass inlay is distinctive of the gunsmith & blacksmith John Small who made tomahawks in Vincennes, Indiana 1790-1820.  Diamond shaped silver inlays on handle.

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View #2
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View #3 Silver moon/ sun inlay
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TECUMSEH'S 1812 TOMAHAWK
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PHOTO COURTESY OF NMAI, INFINITY OF NATIONS EXHIBITION

VINE & LEAF BRASS -- NO. 133 IN BALDWIN'S BOOK
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PHOTO COURTESY OF JOHN ILKO JR.

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This next  British/American made pipe tomahawk has a small pedestal and is missing the threaded bowl circa 1750s-1790s.  It was dug some 40+ years ago in Fulton County, Ohio and probably lost during the Battle of Fallen Timbers 1794. (Author's collection)

1750s -1780s PIPE TOMAHAWK DUG FULTON CO. OHIO
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THREADED BOWL MISSING, BRITISH

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Raised pedestal visible on poll--early construction feature

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Here is a pipe tomahawk head from the early 1800's with some decorative brass inlay lines fanning out. 

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JOHN ILKO JR. COLLECTION

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Pipe tomahawk hafts were sometimes smoked so much that they burned out and had to be cut down shorter & re-drilled where the bowl meets.  Sometimes it was done multiple times.  Here is an example of one where they left part of the old smoke hole now visible on the end.
 

SHORTENED HAFT
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PHOTO COURTESY OF JEB TAYLOR ARTIFACTS

 
"Curiosity is natural to the soul of man and interesting objects have a powerful influence on our affections." 
 
 Daniel Boone
1734-1820
 
 
 
 
(c) Copyright Mark Miller 1/29/09. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED--REPRODUCTION PROHIBITED WITHOUT PRIOR CONSENT